Selasa, 08 Desember 2015
Early Initiation of Breastfeeding Journal article Objective Definition IMD
Early Initiation of Breastfeeding Journal article, Purpose, Understanding IMD
Early Initiation of Breastfeeding advantage.
Advantages for baby skin with skin.
Optimizing hormonal keadan mother and baby.
Contacts ensure common behavior suckle on instinct and can be estimated to be able to stabilize breathing, controlling the temperature of the baby's body, improve / has a pattern of better sleep, encourage skills baby to suckle more quickly and effectively, improving weight gain (back to birth weight by more fast), improving the relationship between mother and baby, not too much crying during the first hour, maintaining the colonization of germs safety of mothers in the baby's stomach so as to provide protection against infection, bilirubin will be faster normal and pass meconium faster thus lowering the incidence ikhterus newborn, glucose levels and other biochemical parameters were better during the first few hours.
Advantages of skin to skin contact with the mother.
Stimulates the production of oxytocin and prolactin in the mother.
Oxytocin: help the uterine contractions that postpartum hemorrhage is lower, colostrum stimulate spending, it is important for the attachment relationship between mother and baby, mother calmer and more do not feel nyeripada time of delivery of the placenta and other postpartum procedures.
Prolactin: increase milk production, helping the mother cope with stress, encourage mothers to sleep danrelaksasi after the baby is finished breastfeeding, delaying ovulation.
Gains early breastfeeding for babies
Food quality and optimal order quantity of colostrum immediately come out that are tailored to the needs of the baby.
Giving the baby's health by providing immediate passive immunity to the baby.
Improve the fabric of you- dear mother and baby.
Prevent heat loss.
Stimulate colostrum immediately exit.
Gains early breastfeeding for mother
Stimulates the production of oxytocin and prolactin.
Increase milk production success.
Improve the fabric of the baby mother's affection.
Will start early breastfeeding
Reduces 22% of infant mortality under the age of 28 days.
Improve the success of exclusive breastfeeding and increase the duration of breast-fed infants.
Stimulates milk production.
Strengthen the baby's sucking reflex, sucking reflex in infants beginning of the most robust in the first few hours after birth.
Early Initiation of Breastfeeding step in Neonatal Care
Step I: Deliver, dry, and do assessment in infants.
When a newborn note the time of birth.
Then put the baby below the mother's abdomen.
The business value of breath and movement what the baby needed resuscitation or (2 seconds).
After that, dry the baby. Once dry, a baby blanket with a dry cloth to wait 2 minutes before the umbilical cord is clamped. Dry the baby's body from the face, head and other body parts with smooth without cleaning vernik. Vernix will help warm the baby's body.
Avoid drying the baby's hands. The smell of amniotic fluid in the baby's hands also help him find the nipple mother smelled the same.
Mucus simply wipe with a clean cloth. Avoid suction mucus in the mouth or the mouth of the baby because the vacuum could damage the mucous membranes of the nose of infants and increases the risk of respiratory infections.
Perform rangasangan tactile by tapping or flicking the soles of the feet. Rubbing the back, abdomen, chest, or leg baby with the palm of the hand. This stimulation can start breathing the baby and helps the baby can breathe better
After one minute dry out and assess the baby, check the uterus to ensure there is no longer a baby in the uterus (single pregnant) and intra-muscular injections of 10 UI of oxytocin in the mother. Let the baby on a towel or clean cloth on the mother's abdomen.
Step II: Perform skin contact with the skin for at least one hour
After 2 minutes postpartum, perform clamping the umbilical cord with a clamp at about 3 cm from the baby's stomach wall. From the point of tongs, press the cord with two fingers, then push towards the mother's umbilical cord. Make a second clamping with a distance of 2 cm from the first pin on the mother's side. Cutting the umbilical cord delayed until the cord stops pulsing so that nutrients and oxygen to flow from the placenta to the baby's mother is more optimal.
Then cut the umbilical cord between the two clamps. One hand the foundation while protecting baby's umbilical cord, and the other hand to cut the umbilical cord between the two clamps.
Tie the umbilical stump with a distance of approximately 1 cm from the abdominal wall with a rope sterile baby. Wrap rope around the umbilical stump and tie for the second time with a knot in the opposite part.
Place the baby face down on the mother's chest. Align the shoulder so that the baby clinging to the mother's chest. The baby's head should be in antaa of breast mother, but lower than the nipple.
Then the blanket and mother with a warm cloth cap and plug in the baby's head
Let the baby still perform the skin-to-skin contact on the mother's chest mother of at least 1 hour. Ask the mother to hug and caress her baby. If necessary, place a pillow under the head of the mother to mempermudh visual contact between mother and baby. The bulk of the baby will successfully initiate early breastfeeding within 30 to 60 minutes.
Avoid wash or wipe breast before feeding the baby.
During the skin to skin contact, continue to step active management of the third stage of labor.
Step III: Let the baby seek and find the nipple and began to suckle
Let the baby seek and find the mother's nipple and began to suckle
Instruct the mother and others not to interrupt breastfeeding for example, move the baby from one breast to the other. The first feeding usually takes about 10- 15 minutes. Infant feeding from one breast
Suspend all normal newborn care more until the baby is finished nursing. Delay also bathing 6- 24 hours after birth to prevent hypothermia
Try to keep putting mothers and babies in the delivery room until the baby is finished nursing
As soon as the newborn is finished sucking, baby will stop swallowing and release the nipple. Baby and mother will feel sleepy. Baby then wrapped with a clean cloth and then do the weighing and measuring the baby, gave injections of vitamin K1, and applying antibiotic ointment in baby's eyes.
If the baby has not initiated early breastfeeding within 1 hour, position the baby closer to the nipple mother and let the skin contact with the skin for 30 to 60 minutes.
If the baby is still early breastfeeding initiation within 2 hours, transfer the mother to a recovery room with the baby still in the mother's chest. Continue newborn care and then return the baby to the mother to suckle.
Wear clothes on the baby or remain shrouded to maintain warmth. Still cover the baby's head with a hat during the first few days. A time when the baby's feet feel cold to the touch, open clothes then telungkupkan back in the mother's chest to warm baby back
An hour later, give the baby the first injection of Hepatitis B
Then place the mother and baby in the same room. Put the baby close to the mother so easily affordable and babies can suckle as often as his desire.
Early Initiation of Breastfeeding Articles
Five sequences of behavior while feeding the baby first
In the first 30 minutes: Stadium break / silent in idle state (rest / quit alerts stage). Baby still. Every now and then his eyes wide open to see his mother. Special quiet period is a transition adjustment of state in the womb to circumstances outside the womb. Bonding (relationship of affection) This is the basis for the growth of the baby in a safe atmosphere. This increases confidence in the ability of mothers to breastfeed and nurture her baby. Confidence father became part of the success of breast-feeding and educating children together mothers.
The initial steps happy family.
Between 30 to 40 minutes: Removing sound, mouth movements such as going to drink, kiss and lick the hand. Babies smell and taste of amniotic fluid in her hand. This odor similar to the smell of fluid removed breast. Smell and taste will guide the baby to find the breast and nipple of the mother.
Salivate - As I realized that there was food in the vicinity, the baby began to secrete saliva.
Babies begin to move toward the breast. Areola (prop breast) as the target, with the foot tapping the mother's abdomen. He was licking the mother's skin, tapping head to the mother's chest, turned to the right and to the left, as well as touching and squeezing the nipples and the surrounding area with small hands.
Find, licking, sucking nipples, open your mouth wide, and adheres well. (Tamirus, 2008)
Early Initiation of Breastfeeding inhibitors
Here are some opinions that inhibit the premature skin contact with the mother the baby's skin
The baby was cold - not really
The baby is in an unsafe temperature if skin contact with the mother. Amazing! Breast temperature increase of 0.5 degrees in two minutes if the baby is placed on the mother's chest Based on the results Niels Bergman (2005), found that mothers who gave birth to the chest temperature to 1 ° C. If the baby is cold, the temperature of the mother's chest to rise 2 ° C to warm the baby. So, the mother who gave birth chest is the best place for newborns compared beds "sophisticated" and expensive.
After giving birth, the mother is too tired to immediately breastfeed - not true
A mother rarely too tired to hug the baby immediately after birth. The release of oxytocin when skin to skin contact as well as when the baby early breastfeeding helps to calm a mother.
Medicals less available - no problem
When the baby on the mother's chest, birth attendant can continue its work. Babies can find their own breast. Involve the father or kin to keep the baby while giving support to the mother.
Delivery room or operating room is busy - no problem
With the baby in the mother's breast, the mother may be moved to a recovery room or treatment room. Give baby a chance to continue his efforts to achieve breast and early breastfeeding.
Mothers should be sewn - no problem
Looking breast crawl activity occurs in the breast area. Sewn is the lower part of the body of the mother.
Inject vitamin K and eye drops to prevent gonorrhea (gonorrhea) should be given immediately after birth - is not true according to the American colledge of Obstetricand Gynecology and the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine (2007), preventive measures can be delayed for at least one hour until the baby feeds itself without harm baby.
Babies must be cleaned, washed, weighed, and measured - not true
Delaying bathing means to avoid the loss of the baby's body heat. In addition, the opportunity vernix pervasive, soften and protect the baby's skin is greater. Can be dried immediately after the baby is born. Weighing and measurement can be delayed until early feeding is completed.
Infants less idle - not true
Precisely in the first 1-2 hours of his birth, the baby is very alert (alert). After that, the baby slept in a long time. If the baby drowsy due to medicine diasup mother, skin to skin contact will be even more important because babies need more help to bonding.
Colostrum is not out or inadequate amount of colostrum necessitating another fluid (liquid pre laktal) - not really enough colostrum fed to the first newborn. Babies are born with the provision of water and sugar that can be used at the time.
Colostrum is not good, even dangerous for babies - not true
Colostrum is indispensable for the growth and development of infants. Aside from being the first immunization and reduce yellow in the newborn, colostrum and mature intestinal wall protecting the young. (Utami, R, 2008)